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Continente Ranch LP
112 Sandy Lane
Oakley, CA 94561
(925) 625-2355

 
 

shelled walnut


Walnut Sizes & Colors


California shelled walnuts are available in a variety of sizes and colors.

Descnptions and size tolerances are based on the USDA Standards for Grades of Shelled Walnuts. These are highlighted in green text. Also included are some size categories commonly used in the industry and these are highlighted with brown text. Screen sizes are for reference only.

Consult your California walnut supplier for exact specifications.

Walnut Halves

Description: 7/8 or more of the kernel is intact. 85% or more of lot, by weight, are half kernels with the remainder three-fourths half kernels.

USDA Size Tolerances: No more than 5% smaller than three-fourths halves of which no more than 1 % may pass through 16/64 inch (6.35 mm) round screen hole.
Refer to Example
1

Walnut Pieces and Halves (Halves and Pieces)

Description: 20% or more of lot, by weight, are half kernels (7/8 or more of the kernel is intact).


USDA Size Tolerances: No more than 18% shall pass through 24/64 inch (9.52 mm) round hole of which no more than 3% may pass through 16/64 inch (6.35 mm) and of 3% no more than 1 % may pass through 8/64 inch (3.18 mm) round screen hole.
Refer to Examples
2 and 3

Walnut Pieces

Description: Portions of kernels in lot cannot pass through 24/64 inch (9.52 mm) round openings.

USDA Size Tolerances: No more than 25% shall pass through 24/64 inch (9.52 mm) round hole of which no more than 5% may pass through 16/64 inch (6.35 mm) and of 5% no more than 1 % may pass through 8/64 inch (3.18 mm) round hole included in the 5%.
Refer to Examples
4 and 5

Walnut Medium Pieces

Although not covered in USDA Standards, Medium Pieces are a common size classification used in the California walnut industry.

No less than 98% may pass through a 32/64 inch (12.7 mm) screen. No more than 3% may pass through 16/64 inch (6.35 mm) screen. No more than 1 % may pass through 8/64 (3.18 mm) screen.
Refer
to Examples 6, 7, 8, and 10

Walnut Small Pieces

Description: Portions of kernels in lot pass through 24/64 inch (9.53 mm) round openings but cannot pass through 8/64 inch (3.18 mm) round openings.

USDA Size Tolerances: 10% will not pass through 24/64 inch (9.53 mm) round hole and 2% pass through 8/64 inch (3.18 mm) round hole.
Refer to Example 11, 12


Walnut Meal (double diced)

The smallest form of the California walnut comes in various consistencies ranging from a coarse meal to a fine powder. Use walnut meal to dust cakes, integrate into dough and batter, and for walnut compounds. Finely ground walnuts are incorporated into pastas, added to fillings, and used as a thickening agent in sauces.
Refer to Example
15

 

Topping Pieces
  Syrupers
 

SQUARE HOLE

ROUND HOLE

 

SQUARE HOLE

ROUND HOLE

1/4

20/64

 

3/8

28/64

6.35 mm

7.94 mm

 

9.53 mm

11.11mm


Typical industry screen sizes

Typical industry screen sizes
Refer to Example 13 Refer to Example 13

Walnut Colors

California walnuts may be color sorted to meet specific product needs. The walnut spectrum chart (for comparison only) illustrates the wide range of color classifications available.

A Extra light: No more than 15% shall be darker than extra light of which only 2% (included in the 15%) may be darker than light.

B Light: No more than 15% shall be darker than light of which only 2% (included in the 15%) may be darker than light amber.

C Light amber: No more than 15% shall be darker than light amber of which only 2% (included in the 15%) may be darker than amber.

D Amber: No more than 10% shall be darker than amber. The official color chart is available from:

DFA

710 Striker Avenue, Sacramento, CA 95834-1112
Tel: 916-561-5900 Fax: 916-561-5906

www.dfaofca.com

walnut halves and colors

Note: The industry standard of 6/64 is tighter than the USDA standard of 8/64.

Source: USDA, United States Standards for Grades of Shelled Walnuts (Juglans regia). Agricultural Marketing Service. Effective September 1, 1968, reprinted January, 1997. www.ams.usda.gov/standards/walnuts (Adobe Acrobat format).

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